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#22-1054 - British
'Brown Bess' Flintlock Musket

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The musket--a smooth bore weapon with a polished surface inside the barrel--was not known for either distance or accuracy.  An expert marksman would be lucky to hit a large target--such as a man or a deer--from 40 yards away.  If the target was more than a hundred yards away, it was nearly impossible.  Because of the weapon's inaccuracy, most fighting  was done at close quarters, and the outcome of a battle was often determined by bayonet fighting.  As much as 40% of the casualties in a typical battle using muskets were inflicted by bayonet.

A rifle, by contrast, has spiral grooves, or rifling inside the barrel.  As a ball moves down the barrel, the grooves impart a spin to the ball which makes it fly more accurately toward its target.  The barrel is narrower, so that gases from the exploding powder can not escape around the ball and more of the energy from the explosion goes into propelling the ball out of the barrel, carrying it a longer distance than a smooth-barrel musket can.  With these advantages, a good marksman could hit a target with a rifle from several hundred yards away.

German gunsmiths perfected the technique of rifling in the 1500s.  The concept was widely used by the early 1800s for hunting weapons, but not for military use.  Why?  It all came down to speed of loading and firing.

Both rifles and muskets prior to 1850 were muzzle-loaded.  A powder charge and ball had to be put into the end of the barrel and pushed down the barrel to the firing mechanism.  This was simpler and faster in a smooth-bore musket, with its larger barrel.  Both powder and ball traveled readily down the musket barrel. But pushing the same ball down a tighter-fitting rifle barrel took longer and required a ramrod, so the musket and rifle had substantially different rates of fire.

An experienced shooter could get off two to three shots a minute with a musket, but would be lucky to get one shot in three minutes with a rifle.  While that was sufficient for hunting deer, it would be disastrous in a battle where charging infantry armed with bayonetted weapons were bearing down on you at a dead run.  By the same logic that made the musket a superior weapon for war, it was virtually useless as a hunting weapon with its short range and poor accuracy.  That's why the rifle didn't come into common use as a military weapon until the perfection of breech-loading technology--allowing shells to be loaded through a slot near the firing mechanism, rather than inserted through the muzzle.
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Charleville American Revolutionary War Musket
#22-1067 - This British pattern 1853 rifle musket was the second most widely used infantry weapon of the Civil War, since it was used by  both Federal and Confederate troops.


#22-1046 - 1860  Enfield P-60 Civil War Musketoon
#22-1046 - The Enfield Short Rifle was a percussion lock rifle used extensively by both the North and South during the Civil War. Authentically detailed with the London Armoury Royal Crown stamped on the percussion lock, our 2-band musketoon has a 24" blued barrel, wood stock, metal ramrod and lanyards for a sling (not available).  40" long overall.

Charleville American Revolutionary War Musket with Bayonet
Modeled after the French 1763 model, stamped St. Etienne on the lockplate, this impressive piece measures over 72" with bayonet attached. Full length wood stock measures 55" .

#22-1036 - Charleville Musket
and Bayonet - American Revolutionary War
Charleville Revolutionary War Musket Carbine
Civil War Musket Replicas

This is a shortened (45" long) "carbine" version of item 22-1036 above. Bayonet not included with the carbine model.
The "Brown Bess", one of the most renowned flintlock muskets ever produced, played a significant role in the American Revolution.  Not only was it the official weapon for British infantry at the time, it was also carried by many Colonials in the Continental Army.
Revolutionary War Musket Replicas

Leatherette Tricorn Hat for Colonial/Revolutionary War Reenactors or Pirates
#10-18 - Leatherette Colonial Tricorn. 16"x16", one size fits most. Sold with gun purchase only.
$55.00
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Powder Horn made of Steer's Horn, wood stopper, leather shoulder strap
#30-100 - Powder horn made from real steer horn, removable wood stopper, leather shoulder strap.  10" long--this authentic powder horn would look at home hanging from the saddlehorn of a mountain man!  Sold with gun purchase only.
$14.00
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Brown Bess British FlintlockRevolutionary War Musket with bayonet

Barrel Length: 60-1/4"
Overall Length: 75" (with bayonet)
Weight: 6 lbs, 8 ozs
1853 Enfield 3-Band Civil War Musket
#22-1067 - 1853 Enfield Civil War Musket
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#22-1037 - Charleville Carbine American Revolutionary War Musket
1860 Enfield P-60 Short Rifle, used by both North and South during the Civil War
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Charleville American Revolutionary War Musket with Bayonet

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