Flintlock firearms are so called because the lock uses a flint to strike sparks into the priming pan when the trigger is pulled. A small amount of gunpowder in this pan is ignited, which in turn ignites the main gunpowder charge in the barrel and fires the lead ball. Both the main powder charge and the ball are loaded from the front, or muzzle, of the barrel, after which the priming charge is poured into the pan--all very time consuming! Often the priming charge would burn, but fail to ignite the main charge--which is where we get the expression, "a flash in the pan".
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